This project, located
in Cumberland County, Tennessee, was developed for the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)to
provide mitigation to offset unavoidable wetland impacts resulting from the
development of a gypsum disposal facility. Historically, the site was a forested bottomland wetland adjacent to
Drowning Creek; however, it had been degraded by ditching, land clearing,
and conversion to pasture. Ditches intercepted runoff and drained surface water back into the creek. The
project totaled 20 acres with 19.5 that were suitable for restoration. The primary restoration technique was to eliminate the ditches and swales that removed the surface water and lowered the groundwater table. The site was planted with bottomland
hardwood species and now
supports a diverse young forest community with many trees now exceeding 20 feet
in height. Several small depressions that
had been drained now pond water following flood events and significantly add to the diversity of the site.
Numerous wildlife species have been observed using the area including a
nesting pair of Willow Flycatchers (Empidonax traill), a species that is
quite uncommon in Tennessee.